History of Robot World, Start At The emergence of Robot

Early emergence of the robot can be known from the ancient Greeks who made the statue that can be moved – move. Around 270 BC, Ctesibus, a Greek engineer making organs and water clocks with movable components. Any time of the Prophet Muhammad, has made war machines that use wheels and can catapult bombs.

In 1770, Pierre Jacquet Droz, a Swiss watchmaker nationality makes three mechanical puppets. Uniquely, these dolls can perform specific functions, which can write, others can play music and organ, and the third one can draw. In 1898, Nikola Tesla created a boat that is controlled by radio remote control, and demonstrated at Madison Square Garden. But the effort to make the boat autonomus failed because of funding problems. In 1967, the Japanese at that time an emerging country, importing from Versatran robot from AMF. Robot initial triumph in 1970, when Professor Victor Scheinman of Stanford University designed the standard arm. Currently, kinematikanya configuration known as a standard robot arm. Finally, in 2000 Honda showcased a robot built for many – years named ASIMO, and is followed by Sony’s Aibo robot dog. IN JAPAN

Karakuri ningyo, is a Japanese term that means a mechanical doll or automata, invented in the 18th century and 19th centuries AD. Karakuri means “mechanical equipment for games, entertainment, or provide a surprise”, so it can be said that in Karakuri contained magical things or elements of mystery, while ningyo means “people and form” (two letters written in kanji). can thus be regarded as a puppet or sculpture. Karakuri can be divided into three main types namely:

1. Butai Karakuri (Karakuri stage), used for the purposes of the theatrical world

2. Zashiki Karakuri (tatami room Karakuri), a type of small-sized karalkuri and used as decor elements

3. Dashi Karakuri (Karakuri car festival), used in religious festivals or events, with displays of traditional myths or legends of the Japanese nation.

The three types of Karakuri is considered to have a major impact on the development of Japanese theater world such as Noh, Kabuki, Bunraku. begins with the creation of Karakuri dolls mekamik Yumi-Hiki doji (young archer) works Hisashige Tanaka (1799-1881), who first made at the end of the Edo period (early 1800s), with the help of thread and work like a timer mechanism or timer , assisted by the spring so it can fire four arrows at targets like archers with a very expressive man in Kyudo (archery sports). some Karakuri mechanical movement in those days came from a simple mechanism, such as springs, ropes, gears, until pemangfaatan burden of mercury (mercury), water, and sand. Today, Karakuri also developed into:

1. Karakuri Matsuri, is used for festival

2. Karakuri Kogyo, was used for the purposes of entertainment such as puppet shows

3. Zashiki Karakuri, used for decoration (decorative elements) in the room. Thus, it can be concluded that the development of Japanese robotics today is like saying “Manifest dreams or hopes of a nation that exist today is a reflection of a dream or a hope of his predecessors”.

Supplement of the wiki The robot is a mechanical device that can perform physical tasks, using either human supervision and control, or use a program that has been defined in advance (artificial intelligence). Robots are typically used for heavy duty, dangerous, repetitive tasks and dirty. Usually most industrial robots used in manufacturing. Others include the use of robots for cleaning up toxic waste, the exploration of outer space and under water, mining, jobs “search and please” (search and rescue), and to search for mines. Lately the robot began to enter the consumer market in the fields of entertainment, and domestic appliance, such as vacuum cleaners, and lawn mower.

 Developments now When the creators of the robot was first trying to imitate humans and animals, they found that it is very difficult; need to employ much more computation than that available at the time. Thus, the emphasis changed to the development of other research fields. Simple wheeled robot used to perform experiments in behavior, navigation, and path planning. Navigation techniques have been developed into an autonomous robot control systems are available commercially; most recent example of autonomous navigation control systems available now include a navigation system based on laser-and VSLAM (Visual Simultaneous Localization and Mapping) of ActivMedia Robotics and Evolution Robotics.

When the technicians are ready to try the robot to walk back, they started with heksapoda and other many-legged platforms. Robots that mimic insects and arthropods in the form and function. The trend towards these body types offer great flexibility and proved able to adapt to various environments, but the costs of adding mechanical complexity has prevented the adoption by the consumer. With more than four legs, these robots are statically stable which makes their work easier. The purpose of the research is to achieve the two-legged robot walking motion using passive-dynamic movements that mimic human movement. However this is still in the next few years. Another technical problem that hinders the widespread application of robots is the complexity of handling physical objects in the natural environment remains chaotic. Tactile sensors and better vision algorithms may be able to resolve this problem. UJI Online Robot from the University Jaume I in Spain are a great example of the prevailing developments in this field. Recently, great progress has been made in medical robotics, with two particular companies, Computer Motion and Intuitive Surgical, who received the endorsement arrangements in North America, Europe and Asia for the robot-robot for use in surgical procedures is minimal.

Laboratory automation is also a growing area. Here, robots benchtopdigunakan to move the biological or chemical samples between devices such as incubators, liquid form of holders and readers. Another place where the robot is preferable to replace the human work is in the deep sea exploration and space exploration. For these tasks, arthropod body shape is generally preferred. Mark W. Tilden formerly Los Alamos National Laboratory specialists make inexpensive robots with legs bent but did not connect, while others try to make crab legs that can move and connect full. Experimental winged robots and other examples exploiting biomimicry are also in early development stages. The so-called “nanomotor” and “smart wires” are thought to drastically simplify the power of motion, while in-flight stabilization seems likely to be improved through an extremely small gyroscopes. Important support for this work is military research-mataan pemata technology.


4 Comments to “History of Robot World, Start At The emergence of Robot”

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